A cyst is a capsule-shaped formation that develops on the root of a tooth in response to an infection in the gum. When immunity decreases, the body “turns on” the protective mechanism. At the site of infection, a pouch appears, which is very quickly filled with a yellow liquid containing dead cells.
Until the pouch reaches 2 cm, the patient does not know about the presence of a cyst. But as soon as the size exceeds the indicated mark, tangible symptoms appear: pain when biting, swelling of the gums, headache. Running cases are fraught with an increase in body temperature, an increase in lymph nodes, general weakness.
The danger of a cyst is that it develops rapidly. If you do not contact a specialist at the initial stage of its development, you can lose a tooth and earn irreversible problems with the oral cavity. If the bladder begins to put too much pressure on the jaw bones, the patient loses neighboring teeth and suffers from a fracture of the jaw.
Most often, cysts form on the chewing teeth – molars. The naked eye does not notice the formation, so the only way to see the “enemy” is for now a panoramic shot. Dentistry Swiss-Dent provides high-quality diagnostics and painless removal of tooth cysts.
Is it possible to cure a tooth cyst without removal
The answer is yes, but only if the education is in an initial form. Dentistry knows three stages of cyst development, each of which is characterized by its own characteristics. You can determine the stage by a panoramic image and the results of a histological examination:
- Granuloma is the initial stage of development. The size of the seal on the root does not exceed 5 mm, so it does not cause severe symptoms. Slight pain in the affected area may appear periodically. This formation grows due to an increase in infectious cells. It is treated therapeutically.
- Cystogranuloma is a transitional stage between a cyst and a granuloma. It is diagnosed when the formation reaches 8 mm in diameter. Causes sharp pain in the gums, which do not stop after taking painkillers. It is treated by injection or by cleansing the canals.
- A cyst is the final stage, for the treatment of which only the surgical method of intervention is suitable. The bubble grows rapidly, can cause flux, local gum inflammation, severe pain, abscess. This problem requires an immediate solution.
Cysts are different and the choice of the optimal treatment method depends on their name.
Types of dental cysts: optimal treatment methods
A cyst can form at different stages of the formation of the dental bone, and what’s the most dangerous – anywhere. At the location it is classified into several categories:
- Radicular – appears on the root in parallel with periodontitis – acute inflammation of the affected area. Complications arise when the bladder grows into the maxillary sinus. may provoke suppuration of the gums. The worst consequence of the disease is a fracture of the jaw. The best treatment is to remove part of the affected tooth root.
- Follicular – is formed when the dental tissue is still in the gum and completely or partially covers it. It inhibits the timing of tooth cutting, which affects the normal formation of the jaw. Usually occurs between the ages of 14 and 25 in men. It is treated with a surgical method.
- A keratocyst forms on the wisdom tooth and absorbs particles of affected tissue. If the seal has arisen as a result of complex cutting of the organ, it is called retro-molar. The most common treatment is removing the affected G8.
- Residual bladder occurs in the tooth socket after its removal. The main reason is infection during the operation and mistakes made during treatment. Education occurs with low immunity, not able to fight the infection. It is eliminated by the use of antiseptic drugs. Dentistry This procedure is known as cystosomy.
The choice of treatment depends on the condition of the patient’s oral cavity. Only a professional dentist can evaluate it.
Removal of a tooth cyst in Kiev: stages
Dentists at the Swiss-Dent Clinic rid the patient’s oral cavity of compaction in two ways: therapeutically, surgically. The first method covers several stages:
- Dental canals are washed with antiseptic agents
- Pump the liquid out of the bubble until it is completely reduced
- The resulting cavity is filled with an antiseptic to destroy the shell
- A paste that promotes tissue repair is laid on top
- After healing, fill the canal of the tooth.
- Six months after the procedure, take a control shot
Surgical removal is carried out by specialists of the clinic locally:
- Part of the affected crown is excised, after which the tissue is aesthetically restored
- Remove part of the affected root so that it is invisible externally.
- Perform a complete root removal if no other options are possible.
- Pus is pumped out of the canals, treating the affected area of the oral cavity with an antiseptic. After the procedure, a course of antibiotics is prescribed.
For urgent dental care, as well as free consultation with a professional doctor, please contact the Swiss Dent clinic:
- Left bank, Kiev, st. Borispolskaya 4,
- Right bank, Kiev, st. Zhilyanskaya, 47,
- Brovary: st. Kiev 245 (forest district)