Sensitivity of tooth enamel becomes a very common problem due to deterioration of food, as well as ecology. The increased sensitivity of the teeth or hyperesthesia appears due to various factors that irritate the tooth.
Hyperesthesia: what is it?
A sharp pain in the tooth arises at the moment when an irritant enters it, and immediately passes. Of course, the pain in the tooth can be caused by the inflammatory process of the pulp (inflammation of the nerve), but the difference is that when there is a sharp pain in the pulpitis.
When the tooth enamel is grinded or rubbed off, any of the stimuli falls on the bone tissue (dentin), which has tubules with fluid and nerve cord processes stretching to the pulp (nerve). As a result, there is pain syndrome. Sensitivity of the teeth is found in both adults and children.
Causes of tooth sensitivity:
• Cleaning teeth with whitening toothpaste in combination with a stiff brush;
• The constant use of citrus juices, soda, fruit, the acid of which affects the enamel;
• Erosion of enamel;
• Diseases of the oral cavity (periodontitis, periodontitis and others);
• Hormonal disorders (for example, during adolescence);
• Period after removal of tartar, when during removal, the top layer of enamel is erased;
• Chemical whitening of teeth with abrasive substances;
• Various cracks or micro-enamels of the enamel, the occurrence of chips;
• Lack of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and other substances that form tooth tissues;
• Period of toxicosis during pregnancy;
• Various infections or viruses;
• Chronic mental disorders or a state of depression, stress;
• Use of some hormonal contraceptives and some other drugs.
What are the forms of sensitivity of teeth?
Toothache can occur in the area of not only one, but also several teeth – this is called a limited form of hyperesthesia. And the systemic form of hyperesthesia is the occurrence of pain in the region of all the teeth or on one side of the dentition.
In addition, there are three degrees of hypersensitivity of the teeth:
1. At the first degree there is a painful reaction to heat or cold;
2. At the second degree, in addition to temperature regimes, pain arises even from sour, sweet and salty;
3. With the third – the irritants are absolutely everything that comes into contact with the teeth.
How to treat high tooth sensitivity
The first step is to consult a dentist to determine the cause of tooth sensitivity. If the cause is caries or other diseases of the oral cavity, then it is necessary to carry out treatment and repair defects. In the absence of any pathology, it is necessary to carry out fluoridation of enamel and remineralization.
In addition to the treatment that a dentist can do, minimize the use of products that irritate or cause microcracks, if possible. It is also worthwhile to increase the amount of products useful for strengthening teeth, rich in potassium, phosphorus, iron, calcium and magnesium (for example, seafood, dairy products, liver and other offals).
To reduce the sensitivity of teeth, you can use special elixirs, gels, toothpastes, solutions or medications as prescribed by a dentist.
To reduce the sensitivity of teeth at home, you can use a decoction of the bark of oak, chamomile, sage, lemon balm or burdock with the addition of essential oil of tea tree, or use solutions of soda and salt. It is also very useful to hold warm domestic milk in your mouth.
But remember: even the most proven folk methods will never replace a full treatment at the dentist.